zondag 13 augustus 2017

Japan's Government Will Invoke 'Collective Self-Defense' To Defend The United States

Article 9 of Japan's constitution, imposed on Japan by US Gen. Douglas MacArthur at the end of World War II, renounced war and the threat or use of force. Technically, Japan does not have the right to shoot down North Korean missiles. The pacifist Article 9 remains extremely controversial. Many conservatives see it as a humiliating imposition, while liberals view it as the basis of Japan's peace and democracy. Prime minister Shinzo Abe has repeatedly said that the would like to amend Article 9, but he's never had the votes to do it. However, in 2015, he was able to bring about passage of a reinterpretation of the self-defense clause to include "collective self-defense." The old self-defense clause of the constitution has been interpreted to permit military action only when Japan itself is being attacked, and only on Japanese soil. The new collective defense laws reinterpret the self-defense clause to include "collective self-defense," which would permit military action anywhere in the world under some circumstances when an ally (such as the United States) is attacked. I discussed the meaning of "collective self-defense" in detail in 2014. Sputnik News (Moscow)
Japan's Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera on Thursday said that it would be necessary to declare a "survival-threatening situation," which would enable Japan to exercise its right of collective self-defense, with a view to intercepting North Korean missiles on behalf of Japan's ally, the United States. According Japanese officials, certain conditions would have to be met: "If it is judged that North Korea indicates a clear intention to attack the United States and starts missile launch preparations, an armed attack would be considered to have occurred. However, if North Korea says it’s targeting the missiles outside [U.S.] territorial waters, it would be difficult to call it an attack against the United States and declare a survival-threatening situation".... APReuters (31-July) and Japan Times